Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSCR)

Fundus photograph and fluorescein angiogram of a central serous chorioretinopathy showing a characteristic "smoke-stack" hyperfluorescence
  • Idiopathic
  • More common in males between the ages of 25 to 50
  • Has been associated with "Type A" personality

Clinical Features

  • Symptoms:
    • Maybe asymptomatic
    • Blurred or decreased vision
    • "Washed out colors"
    • Central scotoma
    • Metamorphopsia
    • Micropsia (minification of objects)
  • Signs:
    • Localized shallow, round serous detachment of the neurosensory retina in the macular area
    • Fluorescein angiogram demonstrates:
    • Small leak from an RPE defect early in the transit phase which increases in size and intensity over the course of the study
    • Rarely, characteristic "smoke-stack" hyperfluorescence
    • Pooling of fluorescein dye in the subretinal space in the late phase


  • Usually resolves spontaneously over a period of 1 to 6 months.
  • Consider laser photocoagulation treatment for persistent and unresolving CSCR.