Lenin Grajo, PhD, EdM, OTR

Profile Headshot

Overview

Academic Appointments

  • Associate Professor of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine (Occupational Therapy) at CUMC

Administrative Titles

  • Director, Post-Professional Doctor of Occupational Therapy Program

Gender

  • Male

Credentials & Experience

Education & Training

  • BS, Occupational Therapy, University of Philippines
  • EdM, Human Development and Psychology, Harvard University
  • PhD, Occupational Therapy, Texas Woman's University

Honors & Awards

2020

Visiting Professor, University of the Philippines Manila; National Teacher Training Center for the Health Professions

2019

Service Commendation Award, Member, Commission on Education; American Occupational Therapy Association

Service Commendation Award, Chairperson of the Academic Education Special Interest Section; American Occupational Therapy Association

2018

Keynote Speaker, 4th Annual Coalition of Occupational Therapy Advocates for Diversity Breakfast at AOTA Conference

2016

Service Commendation, Professional Development Coordinator (Forums) for the Education Special Interest Section (EDSIS); American Occupational Therapy Association

2015

Outstanding Educator Award. Missouri Occupational Therapy Association

Mary L. Stephen Faculty Fellow Award for Scholarly Teaching; SLU Reinert Center for Transformative Teaching and Learning

2013

Student Government Association Faculty Excellence Award for the Doisy College of Health Sciences; Saint Louis University

2006

University of the Philippines-Manila Chancellor’s Diamond Jubilee Faculty Award for Exemplary Teaching and Research Performance in Pediatric Occupational Therapy

2005

Outstanding Occupational Therapy Faculty, College of Allied Medical Professions; University of the Philippines Manila

Research

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Research Articles

1.Rushanan, S., Nilsen, D., &Grajo, L. (in press). Determining the initial content validity of the clinical competency assessment tool for occupational therapists treating patients with neuro-degenerative disease.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy.

2.Lange, A. &Grajo, L.(in press). Promoting social participation for adolescents with burn injury: A proposed guideline for occupational therapy practice.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy.

3.Dumas, C., &Grajo,L. (in press). Functional cognition in critically-ill children: Asserting the role of occupational therapy.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy.

4.Cabatan, M.C.,Grajo, L., Sana, E. (in press). Building the capacity of the Philippine occupational therapy academic workforce: Insights from an occupational profile study.Acta Medica Philippina.

5.Mahoney, D.,Grajo, L.,& Gillen, G. (2021). Content validity of the occupational therapy anticipatory awareness test: A functional cognitive assessment for adults with neurological conditions.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy,9(1) 1-12.https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1740

6.Alonzi-Gold, D. &Grajo, L. (2020). The content validity and clinical utility of the kindergarten readiness inventory (K-READI): A screening tool of school readiness for children on the autism spectrum.Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, and Early Intervention.Advanced online publication.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19411243.2020.1822257

7.Cabatan, M.C.,Grajo, L., Sana, E. (2020). Development and content validation of the adaptation process in academia questionnaire for occupational therapy educators.Acta Medica Philippina, 54(2), 142-150. Retrieved from:https://actamedicaphilippina.upm.edu.ph/index.php/acta/article/view/1537

8.Cabatan, M.C.,Grajo, L., Sana, E. (2020). Occupational adaptation as a lived experience: The case of Filipino occupational therapy academic educators.Journal of Occupational Science.Advanced online publication. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/14427591.2020.1741020

9.Grajo, L. C., Candler, C., &Sarafian, A. (2020). Interventions within the scope of occupational therapy to improve children’s academic participation: A systematic review.American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74,7402180030.https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.039016

10.Raphael-Greenfield, E.,Grajo, L.,Westover, L. & Fong, C. (2019). Determining the internal validity and test reliability of the Dream Home Assessment: A performance-based measure of executive function for adults with mental illness.Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. Advanced online publication. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/0164212X.2019.1678446

11.Grajo, L. Gutman, S.,Gelb, H., Langan, K., Marx, K., Paciello, D.,…Teng, K. (2019). A Rasch Analysis Study Determining the Internal Validity and Separation Reliability of the Inventory of Reading Occupations - Adult: A Measure of Functional Literacy Participation.Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 33(4), 394-412.doi:10.1080/07380577.2019.1678216

12.Candler, C. &Grajo, L.(2019). Reading participation profiles of school-aged children: Use of the inventory of reading occupations-pediatric.Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, and Early Intervention.doi: 10.1080/19411243.2019.1636747

13.Grajo, L.,Gutman, S., Gelb, H., Langan, K., Marx, K., Paciello, D.,…Teng, K. (2019). Effectiveness of a functional literacy program for sheltered homeless adults: A two-group controlled study.OTJR: Occupation, Participation, and Health. Advanced online publication.https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1539449219850126

14.Grajo, L. & Gutman, S. (2019). The role of occupational therapy in functional literacy.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 7(1), Article 13.https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1511

15.Cabatan, M.C.,Grajo, L.,Sana, E. (2019). A scoping review of challenges and the adaptation process in academia: Implications for occupational therapy educators.The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 7(1), Article 8.https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1523

16.Grajo, L.,Candler, C., Bowyer, P., Schultz, S., & Thomson, J. (2018). The clinical and classroom utility of the inventory of reading occupations: An assessment tool of children’s reading participation. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 6(2), Article 2. Available at:https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1440

17. Grajo, L.,Boisselle, A., & DaLomba, E. (2018). Occupational adaptation as a construct: A scoping review of literature.Open Journal of Occupational Therapy,6(1), Article 2. doi:https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1400

18.Cabatan, M. C. C., &Grajo, L. C.(2017). Centennial Topics—Internationalization in an occupational therapy curriculum: A Philippine–American pilot collaboration.American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, 1–9. https://doi.org/ 10.5014/ajot.2017.024653

19.Aldrich, R. M., &Grajo, L. C.(2017). International educational interactions and students’ critical consciousness: A pilot study.American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, 1–10.https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2017.026724

20.Grajo, L.& Candler, C. (2017). The occupation and participation approach to reading intervention (OPARI): A community of practice study.Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, andEarly Intervention, 10(1), 90-99,http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19411243.2016.1257967

21. Grajo, L.& Candler, C. (2016). An occupation and participation approach to reading intervention (OPARI) part II: Pilot clinical application.Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools and Early Intervention, 9(1), 86-98.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19411243.2016.1141083

22. Grajo, L.& Candler, C. (2016) An occupation and participation approach to reading intervention (OPARI) part I: Defining reading as an occupation.Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools and Early Intervention,9(1), 74-85.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19411243.2016.1141082

23.Grajo, L. C., Candler, C., Bowyer, P., Schultz, S., Thomson, J., & Fong, K. (2016). Determining the internal validity of the Inventory of Reading Occupations: An assessment tool of children’s reading participation.American Journal of Occupational Therapy,70, 7003220010.http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2016.017582

Critically-Appraised Topic Papers and Peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings:

1.Gutman, S.,Grajo, L.,Gelb, H., Langan, K., Marx, K., Paciello, D.,…Teng, K. (2020). Effectiveness of a functional literacy program for sheltered homeless adults: A two-group controlled study. American Journal of Ocucpational Therapy,74(Suppl 1), 7411520404. doi:10.5014/ajot.2020.74S1-PO2512

2.Grajo, L. (2019).Literacy participation for children 5-21 years: Systematic review of related literature from 2000 to 2017[Critically Appraised Topic]. Bethesda, MD: American Occupational Therapy Association.Available on:https://www.aota.org/practice/children-youth/evidence-based/cat-cy521-literacy-literacy.aspx

Peer-Reviewed Book Chapters

1. Grajo, L.& Boisselle, A. (in press). Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth: Definitions, models, and the critical role of occupational therapy. In L.C.Grajo& A.K. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth: A comprehensive occupational therapyapproach. SLACK Inc.

  1. Grajo, L.& Guzman, J. (in press). Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth with specific learning disabilities. In L.C.Grajo& A.K. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth: A comprehensive occupational therapy approach. SLACK Inc.
  1. Boisselle, A. &Grajo, L.(in press). The lived experience of adaptation, coping, and resilience by children, youth, and their families. In L.C.Grajo& A.K. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth: A comprehensive occupational therapy approach. SLACK Inc.

  1. Grajo, L. & Rushanan, S. (in press). Ethical decision-making in occupational therapy practice. In J. Clifford O’Brien & J.W. Solomon (Eds). Occupational analysis and group process (2nded). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

5.Taff, S.,Grajo, L.,& Hooper, B. (2020). Occupational therapy education: Weaving the past, present, and future. In S. Taff, L. C.Grajo, & B. Hooper (Eds.),Perspectives on OT education: Past, present, and future(pp. ). Thorofare, NJ: SLACK.

6.Harvison, N., Taff, S.,Grajo, L.,& Hooper, B. (2020). Imagining the landscape of occupational therapy education in 2050. In S. Taff, L. C.Grajo, & B. Hooper (Eds.),Perspectives on OT education: Past, present, and future(pp. ). Thorofare, NJ: SLACK.

7.Grajo, L.,& Gutman, S. (2020). Measuring educational outcomes in OT: Curricular and professional perspectives. In S. Taff, L. C.Grajo, & B. Hooper (Eds.),Perspectives on OT education: Past, present, and future(pp. ). Thorofare, NJ: SLACK.

8.Grajo, L.,Guzman, J., Szklut, S. & Philibert, D. (2020). Learning disabilities and developmental coordination disorder. In R. Lazaro, S. Reina-Guerra, & M. Quiben (Eds). Umphred’s Neurological Rehabilitation (7thEd). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

9.Grajo, L.& Boisselle, A. (2020). The teaching and learning process. In D. Powers Dirette & S. A. Gutman (Eds.),Occupational therapy for physical dysfunction(8thed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

10.Grajo, L.(2019). Best practices in literacy: Reading to enhance participation. In G. Frolek Clark, J. Rioux, & B. Chandler (Eds). Best Practices for Occupational Therapy in Schools (2nded). Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.

11.Grajo, L. (2019). Theory of occupational adaptation. In B.E.B. Schell & G. Gillen (Eds)., Willard and Spackman’s occupational therapy (13thed.). Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins.

12.Grajo, L.,Boisselle, A., & DaLomba, E. (2019). Defining the construct of occupational adaptation. In L.C.Grajoand A. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation through occupation: Multidimensional perspectives. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc.

13.George-Paschal, L.&Grajo, L.(2019). Occupational adaptation as a measure of occupational participation. In L.C.Grajoand A. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation through occupation: Multidimensional perspectives. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc.

14.Grajo, L. (2019). Occupational adaptation as a normative and intervention process: Schkade and Schultz’s legacy. In L.C.Grajoand A. Boisselle (Eds).Adaptation through occupation: Multidimensional perspectives. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc.

15.Grajo, L.(2017). Occupational Adaptation. In J. Hinojosa, P. Kramer & C. Royeen (Eds).Perspectives on Human Occupation: Theories underlying practice(2nd ed;pp. 287-311).). Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis.

16.Royeen, C.,Grajo, L., Luebben, A. (2014). Nonstandardized testing. In J. Hinojosa & P. Kramer (Eds.),Evaluation in Occupational Therapy: Obtaining and interpreting data(4th ed., pp. 121-141). Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.

Editorials in Peer-reviewed Journals

  1. Grajo, L. C.,Laverdure, P., Weaver, L. L., & Kingsley, K. (2020). Guest Editorial—Becoming critical consumers of evidence in occupationaltherapy for children and youth.American Journal of Occupational Therapy,74,1–7.https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.742001

2.Grajo, L.& Boisselle, A. (2018). Infusing an occupational justice perspective to technology use in occupational therapy practice. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy. 6(3), Article 1.https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1543

3.Boisselle, A. &Grajo, L.(2018). They said: A global perspective on access to assistive technology,The OpenJournal of Occupational Therapy. 6(3), Article 2.https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1541

4.Grajo, L.& Cruz, D.M.C. (2017). Editorial: A hundred-year journey and a return to our roots – occupation, adaptation through occupation, and client-centeredness.Cadernos Brasileiros de Terapia Occupacional/Brazilian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 25(3).

Books for the Medical and Health Professions Community

1.Grajo, L.& Boisselle, A. (in press).Adaptation, coping, and resilience in children and youth: A comprehensive occupational therapy approach. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Inc.

2.Taff, S.,Grajo, L.,& Hooper, B. (2020).Perspectives on occupational therapy education: Past, present, and future.Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc.

3.Grajo, L.& Boisselle, A. (2019).Adaptation through occupation: Multidimensional perspectives. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc.

Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

  1. Simon, R., Krug, G.,Grajo, L.(2019). Developing a mentorship program for new educators and academic fieldwork coordinators using a community approach: Lessons from three program cycles. AOTA SIS Quarterly Practice Connections.

  1. Babikian, V., & Sarafian, A., &Grajo, L.(2018). Developing a pilot occupational therapy program in rural Armenia.OT Practice23(17), 20–23.https://doi.org/10.7138/otp.2018.2317.armenia

  1. Grajo, L.,Simon, P. Stoner, M., Hogan, M., Miller, C., Peery, A.,… Miller, J. (September, 2017). Developing skills in community-based programming.OT Practice, 22(17),19-21.
  1. Grajo, L.,Candler, C., Lange, J., Cooseman, L., Sullivan, M., Breitenbucher, L., & Krumm, L. (October, 2016). Well read: Community of practice helps occupational therapists support children with reading difficulties.OT Practice, 8-14.

  1. Grajo, L. & Aldrich, R. (January, 2016).Cross-cultural learning experiences: Using international collaborations as an educational tool.OT Practice, 21(1), 13-16

6. Grajo, L.(December, 2015).Collaborations in teaching and learning: A transformative experience.The Notebook.Saint Louis University Reinert Center for Transformative Teaching and Learning. Retrieved fromhttp://www.slu.edu/blogs/cttl/2015/12/02/collaborations-in-teaching-and-learning-a-transformative-experience/

  1. Grajo, L. & Candler, C. (July, 2014). Children with reading difficulties: How occupational therapy can help.OT Practice,19(13), 16-17